Sen. Vincent J. Fumo

District Office

1208 Tasker Street
Phila, PA 19148

Harrisburg Office

545 Main Capitol
Hbg, PA 17120



"Law of Love"


     Signed into law on June 22, 1993 was a measure (HB 461, Act 22/1993) updating Pennsylvania's child car seat law. The new law became effective on August 21, 1993.

     Key provisions are as follows:

  • Infants and toddlers up to age 4 must be securely fastened in approved car seats no matter where the child is seated in the vehicle. (Previous law allowed children ages 1 to 4, who were riding as back seat passengers, be secured by a safety belt instead of a car seat.)

  • All drivers are responsible for making sure children are properly secured.

  • The new law applies to all motor vehicles operating on Pennsylvania's roads and highways. (Previous law did not apply to vehicles registered out-of-state.)

  • Violations are a primary offense, meaning that the presence of another code violation is not necessary for penalty under the law.

  • Violators face fines and costs totaling up to $89.


  • Always follow the manufacturer's instructions for the proper installation of child restraint seats.

  • The center rear seat is considered the safest place for a child seat.

  • Infant seats face backward and are semi-reclined; toddler seats face forward.

  • Convertible seats are available that function both as infant carriers and toddler seats. Safety booster seats are also available for older children between 40 and 60 pounds.

  • Don't forget to anchor the child restraint to the car's seat belt & make sure the seat's harness fits snugly (maximum two finger widths of slack only).

     No matter how short your destination, set a good example by using your seat belt whenever you travel. Not only will you influence others to buckle up for safety, it's the law!

     Safety belt usage is required as follows:

  • Drivers and all front seat passengers must be restrained.

  • Drivers are responsible for themselves and for each passenger under age 18 riding in the front seat.

  • Exemptions include carriers of medical or psychological excuses signed by a physician, rural letter carriers, deliverers of goods or service vehicle operators driving at speeds less than 15 mph and making frequent stops, drivers of automobiles manufactured before July 1, 1966.

  • Violations are a secondary offense and are punishable by fines and costs totaling up to $51.50.

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     For more safety tips and/or for information on child safety seat loaner programs in your area-at nominal or no charge-call the Traffic Injury Prevention Project (TIPP) toll free: 1-800-CAR-BELT

Copyright 2000 Sen. Vincent J. Fumo